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Molecular genotyping of Trapa bispinosa and T. japonica (Trapaceae) based on nuclear AP2 and chloroplast DNA trnL-F region

Kim, Changkyun, Ryun Na, Hye, Choi, Hong-Keun
American journal of botany 2010 v.97 no.12 pp. e149
Trapa, chloroplast DNA, genetic markers, genotype, hybrids, intergenic DNA, nucleotide sequences
Premise of the study: Two marker systems were developed for the molecular identification of three Trapa species based on the length variation of nuclear AP2 and trnL-F chloroplast intergenic spacer region. METHODS: and Results: Our marker systems analyzed 118 individuals among 36 populations from three Trapa species. Trapa incisa was found to have a unique genotype from the other two species. Individuals of T. bispinosa were distinguished from T. japonica because the former had only a single AP2 genotype. Moreover, our results suggest a hybrid status of T. japonica in terms of two bands within an individual. One band was specific to T. japonica and the other one shared with T. bispinosa. CONCLUSIONS: Our marker system demonstrates that nucleotide sequence variations can serve as a fast, reliable, and reproducible tool for molecular genotyping and examining the natural hybrid of water chestnut species.