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Influence of scion and rootstock on incidence of peach tree short life

Beckman, T.G., Okie, W.R., Nyczepir, A.P.
Acta horticulturae 2002 no.592 pp. 645
Prunus persica, peaches, fruit trees, plant diseases and disorders, longevity, scions, rootstocks, disease incidence, rootstock-scion relationships, cultivars, disease resistance, tree diseases, mortality, genetic variation
Previous work has suggested that peach scion cultivar exerts a significant influence on incidence of peach tree short life (PTSL) in trees budded onto Nemaguard and Flordaguard seedling peach rootstocks. If this influence is consistent across a range of rootstocks then the influence of scion cultivar might offer a new tool for the management of PTSL. Growers could minimize losses on those sites most prone to PTSL by using the least susceptible scion/rootstock combinations. In this trial trees of ‘Agua 6-4,’ ‘Springcrest,’ ‘Redglobe,’ ‘Redhaven’ and ‘Cresthaven’ budded onto Guardian (BY520-9), Lovell, Nemaguard and Siberian C peach seedling rootstocks were planted on a site with a known history of PTSL. After 6 years, 31% of test trees had succumbed to PTSL and 18% to other causes. Both scion and rootstock exerted a profound influence on incidence of PTSL (P<0.0001). Mean effects of scion cultivar ranged from 10 to 49% PTSL mortality. Mean effects of rootstock treatment ranged from 10 to 85% PTSL mortality. However, a significant scion x rootstock interaction was also present (P<0.05). This appeared to be largely the result of anomalously low or high PTSL incidence observed in 2 scion/rootstock combinations. These results suggest that some caution should be used in extrapolating the rootstock treatment effects determined in a typical PTSL trial budded with a single scion cultivar to their influence beneath other untested scion cultivars.