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Application of rumen microorganisms for anaerobic bioconversion of lignocellulosic biomass
- Yue, Zheng-Bo, Li, Wen-Wei, Yu, Han-Qing
- Bioresource technology 2013 v.128 pp. 738-744
- anaerobic digestion, animals, biofuels, biomass, biotransformation, energy, methane, microbial communities, rumen, rumen development, rumen microorganisms, volatile fatty acids
- Rumen in the mammalian animals is a natural cellulose-degrading system and the microorganisms inside have been found to be able to effectively digest lignocellulosic biomass. Furthermore, methane or volatile fatty acids, which could be further converted to other biofuels, are the two major products in such a system. This paper offers an overview of recent development in the application of rumen microorganisms for lignocellulosic biomass conversion. Application of recent molecular tools in the analysis of rumen microbial community, progress in the development of artificial rumen reactors, the latest research results about characterizing rumen-dominated anaerobic digestion process and energy products are summarized. Also, the potential application of such a rumen-dominated process is discussed.