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Antimicrobial Activity of Chitosan Films Enriched with Essential Oils

Zivanovic, Svetlana, Chi, Shuang, Draughon, Ann F.
Journal of food science 2005 v.70 no.1 pp. M45
Coriandrum sativum, Listeria monocytogenes, anise, antibacterial properties, basil, bologna, chitosan, essential oils, meat, oils, oregano, permeability, tensile strength, water vapor
Antimicrobial and physicochemical properties of chitosan films and chitosan films enriched with essential oils (EO) were determined in vitro and on processed meat. Antimicrobial effects of pure EO of anise, basil, coriander, and oregano, and of chitosan‐essential oil films against Listeria monocytogenes and Escheri‐chia coli O157:H7 were determined by an agar diffusion test. The antibacterial effects of the EO were similar when applied alone or incorporated in the films. The intensity of antimicrobial efficacy was in the following order: oregano > > coriander > basil > anise. The chitosan films and chitosan‐oregano EO films were applied on inoculated bologna samples and stored 5 d at 10 °C. Pure chitosan films reduced L. monocytogenes by 2 logs, whereas the films with 1% and 2% oregano EO decreased the numbers of L. monocytogenes by 3.6 to 4 logs and E. coli by 3 logs. Pure chitosan films were 89 μm thick, whereas addition of 1% and 2% oregano EO increased thickness to 220 and 318 μm, respectively. During application on bologna discs, the films absorbed moisture, resulting in the final thickness of 143, 242, and 333 μm, respectively. Addition of oregano essential oil into the chitosan films decreased water vapor permeability, puncture and tensile strength, but increased elasticity of the films. The films have the potential to be used as active biodegradable films with strong antimicrobial effects.