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Adsorption of phenol, p-chlorophenol and p-nitrophenol onto functional chitosan

Li, Jian-Mei, Meng, Xiang-Guang, Hu, Chang-Wei, Du, Juan
Bioresource technology 2009 v.100 no.3 pp. 1168-1173
adsorption, aqueous solutions, chitosan, electrostatic interactions, ethanol, hydrogen bonding, models, p-nitrophenol, pH, phenol, polymers, potassium chloride, sorption isotherms, temperature, washing
Functional chitosan, chemically modified by salicylaldehyde (CS-SA), β-cyclodextrin (CS-CD), and a cross-linked β-cyclodextrin polymer (EPI-CD) were prepared as adsorbents to remove phenol, p-nitrophenol and p-chlorophenol from aqueous solution. Langmuir and Freundlich models were applied to describe the adsorption isotherm of phenols, and adsorption parameters were evaluated. Functional chitosan displayed outstanding adsorption ability for phenols. To our surprise, CS-CD exhibited specific adsorption ability for p-chlorophenol. The possible adsorption interaction was discussed. Effects of pH and KCl on the adsorption suggested that the adsorption of phenols was predominated by hydrogen bonding, hydrophobic interaction and π-π interaction not electrostatic interaction. Effect of temperature indicated that the low temperature was favorable for the adsorption of phenols. Separation of phenols and adsorbent regeneration were carried out by simple washing with ethanol and filtrating.