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The structure and functions of bacterial communities in an agrocenosis

Dobrovol’skaya, T. G., Khusnetdinova, K. A., Manucharova, N. A., Balabko, P. N.
Eurasian soil science 2016 v.49 no.1 pp. 70-76
Vicia, antagonists, aromatic compounds, bacterial communities, crops, fertilizers, flowers, foliar application, fruits, ingredients, leaves, oats, ontogeny, phyllosphere, plant growth, plant organs, plant pathogenic bacteria, plant reproduction, roots
The most significant factor responsible for the specific taxonomic composition of the bacterial communities in the agrocenosis studied was found to be a part or organ of plants (leaves, flowers, roots, fruits). A stage of plant ontogeny also determines changes of taxa. In the course of the plant growth, eccrisotrophic bacteria are replaced by hydrolytic ones that belong to the group of cellulose-decomposing bacteria. Representatives of the proteobacteria genera that are difficult to identify by phenotypic methods were determined using molecular–biological methods. They were revealed only on oat leaves in the moist period. As the vetch–oat mixture was fertilized with BIOUD-1 (foliar application) in the phyllosphere of both oats and vetch, on all the plant organs, representatives of the Rhodococcus genus as dominants were isolated. This fact was related to the capability of bacteria to decompose the complex aromatic compounds that are ingredients of the fertilizers applied. Another positive effect for plants of the bacterial communities forming in agrocenoses is the presence of bacteria that are antagonists of phytopathogenic bacteria. Thus, in agrocenoses, some interrelationships promoting the growth and reproduction of plants are formed in crop plants and bacteria.