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Germination and biometric parameters of seedlings grown on solid pulp and paper waste medium

Tebenkova, D. N., Lukina, N. V., Vorobyev, R. A., Orlova, M. A., Gagarin, Yu. N.
Contemporary problems of ecology 2015 v.8 no.7 pp. 892-900
Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris, bark, bleaching, forest soils, germination, growing media, nitrate nitrogen, nitrogen, paper pulp, peat, pulp and paper mills, root crown, root systems, sawdust, seedlings, sludge, waste paper, wood chips
Germination and biometric parameters (number and length of needles, root length, trunk height, root neck diameter, and fractional seedling mass) of pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and spruce (Picea abies L. Karst) seedlings with a closed root system are evaluated. The seedlings are grown on a mix of peat with growing media prepared of pulp and paper mill waste (PPW) conversed by worms (Eisenia foctida) using chlorine-free pulp bleaching technology. The growing media includes active sludge; mixes of soil, bark, and woodchip product slivers ground together in a crusher; and coniferous sawdust. The share of (PPW) media is 20, 50 and 100 vol %. The experimental results have shown that in most cases the parameters of pine and spruce seedlings grown on these media in small volumes (20%) reach the parameters of the control samples represented by the seedlings grown on fertilized peat. When a growing medium is used in small amounts, the aboveground/subterraneous ratio of the seedlings is also similar to the control values. The more the growing medium is applied, the lower the parameters of the seedlings are in comparison with the control figures. This is probably caused by the offset of the nitrogen status of the growing media to nitrate nitrogen, which is not typical of natural forest soils.