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Some biochemical characteristics and preservation of epididymal camel spermatozoa (Camelus dromedarius)

Waheed, M.M., Al-Eknah, M.M., El-Bahr, S.M.
Theriogenology 2011 v.76 no.6 pp. 1126-1133
alanine transaminase, albumins, antioxidant activity, aspartate transaminase, catalase, cholesterol, dromedaries, egg yolk, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, epididymis, fatty acids, glucose, glutathione peroxidase, iron, slaughterhouses, sperm motility, spermatozoa, superoxide dismutase, testes, testosterone, viability
Testicles were isolated from thirty five apparently healthy dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius), aged between 5 to 18 years, in a local slaughterhouse during the rutting season. Epididymal fluid was collected from one epididymis for determination of twelve biochemical and antioxidant parameters using ELISA commercial kits. Spermatozoa were harvested from each region of the other epididymis (head, body and tail) and stored in SHOTOR®, Green buffer® + 20% egg yolk and INRA-96® extenders at 5 and 30 °C. Results revealed that, in the epididymal fluid, concentrations of testosterone, glucose, albumin, total protein, cholesterol, fatty acids, iron, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were 5.19 ± 1.69 ng/mL, 3.10 ± 0.41 mmol/L, 6.26 ± 1.26 g/dL, 0.50 ± 0.07 mg/dL, 1.74 ± 0.09 mmol/L, 6.62 ± 0.81 nmol/ul, 926.20 ± 100.18 ug/dL, 51.17 ± 7.74 mIU/ml, and 143.16 ± 18.67 mIU/ml, respectively. The antioxidants activities of catalase, glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the epididymal fluid were 121.55 ± 6.57 nmol/min/ml, 59.35 ± 10.98 nmol/min/ml and 0.18 ± 0.03 U/ml, respectively. Epididymal sperm motility and concentration were higher (P < 0.05) in the body and tail than the head. The viability indices of total and forward sperm motility, at 5 and 30 °C, obtained from the tail region were superior (P < 0.05) in both SHOTOR® and INRA-96® extenders than Green buffer extender. It may be concluded that INRA-96® extender is the best for storing dromedary epididymal spermatozoa at 5 and 30 °C.