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Occurrence of the 1rs/1bl wheat–rye translocation in hungarian wheat varieties
- Kőszegi, B., Linc, G., Juhász, Lajos, Láng, L., Molnár-Láng, M.
- Acta agronomica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 2000 v.48 no.3 pp. 227-236
- Blumeria graminis, Puccinia graminis, Schizaphis graminum, breeding, chromosome translocation, chromosomes, genes, leaf rust, powdery mildew, rye, stem rust, stripe rust, wheat, Hungary
- Acta Agronomica Hungarica, 48(3), pp. 227–236 (2000) OCCURRENCE OF THE 1RS/1BL WHEAT–RYE TRANSLOCATION IN HUNGARIAN WHEAT VARIETIES B. K Ő SZEGI, G. LINC, A. JUHÁSZ, L. LÁNG and M. MOLNÁR-LÁNG AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF THE HUNGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, MARTONVÁSÁR, HUNGARY Received: August 15, 2000; accepted: October 15, 2000 The translocation which involves the substitution of the short arm of the 1R rye chromosome for the short arm of the 1B wheat chromosome by means of centric fusion has exercised an enormous influence on the world’s wheat breeding. Since the first mention of this translocation in 1937 the incidence of the 1RS/1BL translocation has been reported in connection with several hundred wheat varieties. Varieties carrying the translocation possess a chromosome segment which includes the resistance genes Sr31 (stem rust, Puccinia graminis), Lr26 (leaf rust, P. recondita), Yr9 (yellow rust, P. striiformis), Pm8 (powdery mildew, Erysiphe graminis) and Gb (aphid, Schizaphis graminum). The present paper investigates the occurrence of the 1RS/1BL translocation in wheat varieties bred in Hungary in recent years. It was found that 35 (53%) of the 66 Hungarian-bred wheat varieties registered in Hungary between 1978 and 1999 carried the 1RS/1BL translocation.