Main content area

The influence of Fusarium infection on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) proteins distribution and baking quality

Horvat, D., Spanic, V., Dvojkovic, K., Simic, G., Magdic, D., Nevistic, A.
Cereal research communications 2015 v.43 no.1 pp. 61-71
Fusarium, Triticum aestivum, adverse effects, baking quality, bread dough, cultivars, deoxynivalenol, energy, extensibility, functional properties, gliadin, glutenins, mixing, reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography, wheat
Under artificial Fusarium infection the total glutenin content determined by chromatographic (RP-HPLC) method was significantly reduced in comparison to gliadins which were increased. Among protein types, α- GLI and HMW-GS were the highest affected. Artificial Fusarium infection significantly increased GLI/GLU ratio when compared with the natural infected samples. Artificial Fusarium infection dramatically decreased the dough mixing tolerance and had a considerable negative effect on dough energy, maximum resistance, and resistance/extensibility ratio. Disturbed GLI/GLU ratio and an increased amount of mycotoxin DON under artificial Fusarium infection showed a strong negative impact on affected functional properties of dough and bread. Total and γ- GLI as well as GLI/GLU ratio were significantly positively affected by mycotoxin DON in contrast to total GLU, HMW-GS and LMW-GS which were negatively affected. Results indicated that the stability of baking quality parameters of cultivars more tolerance to the Fusarium infection can be well define by lower accumulation of mycotoxin DON.