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Non-gluten proteins as structure forming agents in gluten free bread

Ziobro, Rafał, Juszczak, Lesław, Witczak, Mariusz, Korus, Jarosław
Journal of food science and technology 2016 v.53 no.1 pp. 571-580
Lupinus, albumins, amylopectin, breads, collagen, color, dough, enthalpy, gluten-free foods, guar gum, hardness, loaves, pea protein, peas, pectins, porosity, protein isolates, rheological properties, smell, soy protein
The study aimed to evaluate the effects of selected protein isolates and concentrates on quality and staling of gluten-free bread, in the absence of other structure-forming agents such as guar gum and pectin. The applied preparations included albumin, collagen, pea, lupine and soy. Their addition had various effects on rheological properties of the dough and volume of the bread. Volumes of the loaves baked with soy and pea protein were smaller, while those with albumin significantly larger than control. Presence of non-gluten protein caused changes in crumb structure (higher porosity, decrease in cell density, higher number of pores with a diameter above 5 mm) and its color, which was usually darker than of unsupplemented starch-based bread. The least consumer’s acceptance was found for bread baked with soy protein. The presence of pea and lupine preparations improved sensory parameters of the final product, providing more acceptable color and smell in comparison to control, while soy caused a decrease of all analyzed consumer’s scores. The addition of protein caused an increase in bread hardness and in enthalpy of retrograded amylopectin, during bread storage.