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Anisakid Nematodes as Possible Markers to Trace Fish Products
- Ferrantelli, Vincenzo, Costa, Antonella, Graci, Stefania, Buscemi, Maria Drusilla, Giangrosso, Giuseppe, Porcarello, Claudia, Palumbo, Silvia, Cammilleri, Gaetano
- Italian journal of food safety 2015 v.4 no.1
- Anisakis pegreffii, Brosme brosme, Food and Agriculture Organization, Gadus morhua, Pseudoterranova, fish, fish products, geographical distribution, hybrids, molecular biology, nematode larvae, traceability, Mediterranean Sea
- In this work a total of 949 fish samples were analysed for the identification of nematode larvae belonging to the Anisakidae family. Biomolecular application for the identification of Anisakidae larvae can be an optimal instrument for the traceability of fish products, described on the Reg. EC 178/2002. Results confirm a correlation between geographical distribution of fishes and presence of specific Anisakid larvae. FAO 37 zone (Mediterranean sea) showed a prevailing distribution of Anisakis pegreffii and a minimal presence of A. simplex s.s. in hybrid form with Anisakis pegreffii. FAO 27 zone showed a prevailing distribution of A. simplex s.s. in fish like Brosme (Brosme brosme) and infestation prevalence of Pseudoterranova krabbei and P. decipiens s.s. in Gadus morhua. Obtained results validate the hypothesis that molecular biology methods for identifying Anisakidae larvae are effective traceability markers of fish products.