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Beak and feather disease virus genotypes in Australian parrots reveal flexible host‐switching
- Sarker, S, Forwood, JK, Ghorashi, SA, Peters, A, Raidal, SR
- Australian veterinary journal 2015 v.93 no.12 pp. 471-475
- Beak and feather disease virus, DNA, genes, genotype, nucleotide sequences, parrots, phylogeny
- OBJECTIVE: To discover beak and feather disease virus (BFDV) genotypes in Australian parrots that might threaten vulnerable and endangered psittacine bird species. METHODS: Phylogenetic analyses of new DNA sequence data from Australian birds including the Rep gene (n = 55) and nine whole genomes, were compared with all available published BFDV genomes to assess host‐ and geographically‐based divergence as well as probable host‐switch events. RESULTS: Strong support for flexible host‐switching and recombination was detected, indicating active cross‐species transmission in various subpopulations. CONCLUSION: The data suggested that all endangered Australian psittacine bird species are equally likely to be infected by BFDV genotypes from any other close or distantly related host reservoir species.