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Nocardiopsis species: a potential source of bioactive compounds

Bennur, T., Ravi Kumar, A., Zinjarde, S.S., Javdekar, V.
Journal of applied microbiology 2016 v.120 no.1 pp. 1-16
Nocardiopsis, amines, anti-infective agents, antineoplastic agents, bioactive properties, immunomodulators, ligases, multigene family, neoplasms, peptides, photoaging, polyketide synthases, polyketides, quinoline alkaloids, salt tolerance, soil, solutes, surfactants, toxins
Members of the genus Nocardiopsis are an ecologically versatile and biotechnologically important group of Actinomycetes. Most of the isolates are halotolerant or halophilic and they prevail in soils, marine environments or hypersaline locations. To aid their survival under these conditions, they mainly produce extremozymes, compatible solutes, surfactants and bioactive compounds. The current review details the bioactive compounds obtained for this genus. Important antimicrobial agents obtained from this genus include polyketides, phenzines, quinoline alkaloids, terphenyls, proteins, thiopeptides and amines. Polyketides and peptides displaying potent anticancer activities are also significant. Tumour promoting agents, P‐glycoprotein (P‐gp) inhibitors, immunomodulators and protein kinase inhibitors are other relevant products obtained from Nocardiopsis species. Structurally, polyketides (synthesized by polyketide synthases) and peptides (made by nonribosomal peptide synthetases or cyclodipeptide synthases) are important compounds. Considered here are also toxins, anti photoaging and adipogenic agents produced by this genus. The gene clusters mediating the synthesis of bioactive compounds have been described. Commercially available products (Apoptolidins and K‐252a) derived from this genus have also been described. This review highlights the significance of a single genus in producing an assortment of compounds with varied biological activities. On account of these features, the members of this genus have established a place for themselves and are of considerable value in producing compounds with profound bio‐medical applications.