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Monofluoroacetate-Containing Plants That Are Potentially Toxic to Livestock
- Stephen T. Lee, Daniel Cook, James A. Pfister, Jeremy G. Allen, Steven M. Colegate, Franklin Riet-Correa, Charlotte M. Taylor
- Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2014 v.62 no.30 pp. 7345-7354
- coevolution, death, fauna, flora, livestock, livestock production, mechanism of action, poisoning, toxicity, Africa, South America, Western Australia
- Many plants worldwide contain monofluoroacetate and cause sudden death in livestock. These plants are primarily found in the southern continents of Africa, Australia, and South America, where they negatively affect livestock production. This review highlights past and current research investigating (1) the plants reported to contain monofluoroacetate and cause sudden death; (2) the mode of action, clinical signs, and pathology associated with poisoning by monofluoroacetate-containing plants; (3) chemical methods for the analysis of monofluoroacetate in plants; (4) the coevolution of native flora and fauna in Western Australia with respect to monofluoroacetate-containing plants; and (5) methods to mitigate livestock losses caused by monofluoroacetate-containing plants.