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Characterization of 1,3-propanediol oxidoreductase (DhaT) from Klebsiella pneumoniae J2B

Lama, Suman, Ro, Su Moon, Seol, Eunhee, Sekar, Balaji Sundara, Ainala, Satish Kumar, Thangappan, Jayaraman, Song, Hyohak, Seung, Doyoung, Park, Sunghoon
Biotechnology and bioprocess engineering 2015 v.20 no.6 pp. 971-979
Klebsiella pneumoniae, NAD (coenzyme), acetaldehyde, glycerol, heavy metals, mercury, metal ions, pH, silver, temperature
1,3-propanediol oxidoreductase (DhaT) of Klebsiella pneumoniae converts 3-hydroxypropionaldehyde (3-HPA) to 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PD) during microbial production of 1,3-PD from glycerol. In this study, DhaT from newly isolated K. pneumoniae J2B was cloned, expressed, purified, and studied for its kinetic properties. It showed, on its physiological substrate 3-HPA, higher activity than similar aldehydes such as acetaldehyde, propionaldehyde and butyraldehyde. The turnover numbers (k cₐₜ , 1/s) were estimated as 59.4 for the forward reaction (3-HPA to 1,3-PD at pH 7.0) and 10.0 for the reverse reaction (1,3-PD to 3-HPA at pH 9.0). The Michaelis constants (K ₘ , mM) were 0.77 (for 3-HPA) and 0.03 (for NADH) for the forward reaction (at pH 7.0), and 7.44 (for 1,3-PD) and 0.23 (for NAD⁺) for the reverse reaction (at pH 9.0). Between these forward and reverse reactions, the optimum temperature and pH were significantly different (37°C and 7.0 vs. 55°C and 9.0, respectively). These results indicate that, under physiological conditions, DhaT mostly catalyzes the forward reaction. The enzyme was seriously inhibited by heavy metal ions such as Ag⁺ and Hg²⁺. DhaT was highly unstable when incubated with its own substrate 3-HPA, indicating the necessity of enhancing its stability for improved 1,3-PD production from glycerol.