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Method development for measurement of elements in Hungarian red wines by inductivelvy coupled plasma optival emission spectrometry (ICP-OES)

Szentmihályi, K., Csiktusnádi-Kiss, G. A., Keszler, Á., Kótai, L., Candeaias, M., Bronze, M. R., Boas, L. V., Forgács, E., Spaugner, I.
Acta alimentaria 2000 v.29 no.2 pp. 105-122
aluminum, atomic absorption spectrometry, barium, boron, cadmium, calcium, chromium, cobalt, copper, iron, lakes, magnesium, manganese, mountains, phosphorus, potassium, principal component analysis, red wines, sodium, strontium, zinc
ICP-OES (inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry) was used to determine the element content of red wines. Development of the method involves various procedures of sample handling as well as repeatability and reproducibility measurements. Measurements were made for the following 16 elements: Al, B, Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, P, Sr and Zn. The relative standard deviation of repeatability ranged from 0.41% (potassium) to 27% (cadmium) and that of reproducibility varied between 0.73% (boron) to 52% (cobalt). Recovery of the elements was determined by standard addition with results ranging from 90.6% (phosphorus) to 116.2% (boron). After that, 15 red wine samples were measured. Significant differences were found in the Al, B, Ca, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, P, Sr and Zn (P<0.001) concentration of wine samples. Correlation studies revealed parallel changes in phosphorus-potassium, phosphorus-magnesium and zinc-manganese concentrations (r=0.857, 0.875, 0.838). According to principal component analysis, measurements of zinc-, sodium-, boron-, copper- and strontium content gave almost the same results as obtained with 16 different elements. According to a two dimensional non-linear map of absolute values of principal component analysis, wines from Szekszárd and Eger could be differentiated, whereas the analysis of wines from Villány, the Mátra Mountains and Lake Balaton showed overlapping results.