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The effect of embryo presence on the expression of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) genes in the porcine reproductive system during periimplantation

Bogacka, Iwona, Bogacki, Marek, Wasielak, Marta
Acta veterinaria Hungarica 2013 v.61 no.3 pp. 405-415
corpus luteum, endometrium, estrous cycle, gene expression, genes, gilts, horns, messenger RNA, pregnancy, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, receptors, sows, surgery
This study was undertaken to determine the effect of the presence of embryos in the uterine horn on peroxisome proliferator activated receptors (PPARs; A, D, G) gene expression in the reproductive tissues of gilts subjected to a surgical procedure. The uterus consisted of one intact horn connected to the uterine corpus and the second horn detached from the uterine corpus but connected with the contiguous ovary. The gilts were hormonally stimulated and divided into two groups: the first group, inseminated (pregnant) and the second group (cyclic), with surgical procedure but not inseminated. The animals of both groups were slaughtered on day 14 of pregnancy or on day 14 of the oestrous cycle, respectively. PPARs mRNA abundance in the endometrium and the corpus luteum (CL) was analysed by quantitative real-time PCR. During pregnancy, PPARA and PPARD μmRNA abundance in the porcine endometrium was significantly higher in the horn containing embryos than in the contralateral horn, where embryos were absent. The endometrial PPARG1 mRNA abundance did not differ between the two horns during pregnancy and the oestrous cycle, but a higher level of the transcript was observed during pregnancy when compared to the oestrous cycle. In the CL, there were no significant differences in PPARA and PPARDμ mRNA abundance between horns in pregnant or cyclic sows. However, there was a significant increase of PPARA and PPARD transcript level in the CL from cyclic compared with pregnant sows. The results of our study suggest that PPARA and PPARD have regulatory functions in early pregnancy, and they indicate that increased levels of endometrial gene expression are correlated with the presence of embryos in the uterine horn. Higher levels of PPARA and PPARD expression in the porcine CL on day 14 of the oestrous cycle than on day 14 of pregnancy suggest that both forms are involved in the regulation of CL functions.