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Digestibility of Glandless Cottonseed Protein in Diets for Pacific White Shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei

Siccardi, Anthony J., III, Richardson, Cristina M., Dowd, Michael K., Wedegaertner, Tom C., Samocha, Tzachi M.
Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 2016 v.47 no.1 pp. 97-106
Litopenaeus vannamei, cost effectiveness, cotton, cottonseed meal, cottonseed protein, crude protein, digestibility, digestible energy, digestible protein, energy, gossypol, ingredients, juveniles, nutrient requirements, protein isolates, protein sources, seeds, shrimp
Accurate digestibility coefficients for protein, energy, and lipid are needed by feed formulators to optimize diets to meet nutritional requirements and to substitute ingredients cost‐effectively. Of particular interest is protein, which accounts for the majority of shrimp feed content and expense. The current study evaluated seven cottonseed meal and protein products. Most of the samples were derived from a glandless cotton variety that lacks significant levels of the antinutritive compound, gossypol. The various protein fractions were evaluated for apparent crude protein, crude lipid, and energy digestibility when fed to juvenile Pacific White Shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei. Apparent energy digestibility for the protein fractions derived from the glandless seed ranged from 76.7% for ground kernels to 94.6% for protein isolate, and these values were greater than the value obtained for the commercial meal that contained gossypol (64%). Apparent protein digestibility for the six glandless‐cotton‐based samples varied from 72.3% for the ground full‐fat kernels to 94.1% for the protein isolate, and these values were mostly higher than the value obtained for the commercial meal (82.3%). The high apparent digestibility values demonstrate that low‐gossypol cottonseed protein products may be useful as a cost‐effective replacement for more expensive protein sources in L. vannamei diets.