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Orbital cellulitis associated with Toxocara canis in a dog
- Laus, Jose L., Canola, Julio Carlos, Mamede, Fabricio V., Almeida, Denize E., Godoy, Guilherme S., Oliveira, Celso J.B., Pontin, Karina, Albuquerque, Sergio, Alessi, Antonio C.
- Veterinary ophthalmology 2003 v.6 no.4 pp. 333-336
- Toxocara canis, case studies, cellulitis, dogs, larva migrans, larvae, orbits, parasites, retina
- Reports of Toxocara canis ocular larva migrans are uncommon in animals, with only a few cases reported. Most reports involve larval migration into the retina and choroid, with parasitic invasion of the orbit reported only in experimental studies. This is the first clinical case of Toxocara canis infection in the retrobulbar region of a 10-year-old, cross-bred male dog presenting with unilateral orbital cellulitis. Ophthalmic signs included protrusion of the nictitating membrane, chemosis, exophthalmos and hypertropia. The parasite was diagnosed by histologic and parasitologic examination of orbital tissues, which were removed during enucleation.