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DISTRIBUTION AND BIODIVERSITY OF BROOMRAPE (Orobanche L.) WORLDWIDE AND IN SERBIA / EXTENSION Y BIODIVERSIDAD DE OROBANCA (Orobanche L.) EN EL MUNDO Y EN SERBIA / DISTRIBUTION ET BIODIVERSITÉ DE L’OROBANCHE (Orobanche L.) DANS LE MONDE ET EN SEBIE
- Kojić, Momčilo, Maširević, Stevan, Jovanović, Dušan
- Helia 2013 v.24 no.35 pp. 73-92
- Helianthus annuus, Orobanche, biodiversity, crops, parasites, pathotypes, tobacco, tomatoes, weeds, Serbia
- The broomrape genus (Orobanche L.) is characterized by pronounced biodiversity. Of its 99 species identified so far throughout the world, 26 have been found in Serbia. The species of the Orobanche genus are highly variable and include 56 varieties, 226 forms (a total of 308 taxons), and a number of physiological races adjusted to specific crops. Despite such high biodiversity, 8 species alone are important parasite species in cultivated crops (Orobanchecumana Wallr., O. ramosa L., O. nana Noë, O. muteli Sch., O. minor Sutt., O. lutea Baumg., O. aegyptiaca Pers. and O. crenata Forsk.). Orobanchecumana Wallr. (O. cernua Loefl.) is especially important as a parasite species in sunflower but it is also frequently found growing on the root of tomato, tobacco and some weed plants.