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Isolation of a Wickerhamomyces anomalus yeast strain from the sandfly Phlebotomus perniciosus, displaying the killer phenotype

Author:
MARTIN, E., BONGIORNO, G., GIOVATI, L., MONTAGNA, M., CROTTI, E., DAMIANI, C., GRADONI, L., POLONELLI, L., RICCI, I., FAVIA, G., EPIS, S.
Source:
Medical and veterinary entomology 2016 v.30 no.1 pp. 101-106
ISSN:
0269-283X
Subject:
Leishmania, Phlebotomus perniciosus, Wickerhamomyces anomalus, adults, dogs, habitats, humans, insects, larvae, leishmaniasis, phenotype, phylogeny, yeasts
Abstract:
The yeast Wickerhamomyces anomalus has been studied for its wide biotechnological potential, mainly for applications in the food industry. Different strains of W. anomalus have been isolated from diverse habitats and recently from insects, including mosquitoes of medical importance. This paper reports the isolation and phylogenetic characterization of W. anomalus from laboratory‐reared adults and larvae of Phlebotomus perniciosus (Diptera: Psychodidae), a main phlebotomine vector of human and canine leishmaniasis. Of 65 yeast strains isolated from P. perniciosus, 15 strains were identified as W. anomalus; one of these was tested for the killer phenotype and demonstrated inhibitory activity against four yeast sensitive strains, as reported for mosquito‐isolated strains. The association between P. perniciosus and W. anomalus deserves further investigation in order to explore the possibility that this yeast may exert inhibitory/killing activity against Leishmania spp.
Agid:
4812839