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RESISTANCE AMONG CULTIVATED SUNFLOWER GERMPLASM TO THE BANDED SUNFLOWER MOTH (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) IN THE NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS / RESISTENCIA DE GERMOPLASMA DE GIRASOL CULTIVADO A LOS ATAQUES DE POLILLA (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) EN LAS GRANDES PLANICIES DEL NORTE / RÉSISTANCE DE SOUCHES DE TOURNESOL CULTIVÉES À LA COCHYLIS RAYÉE (Lepidoptera : Tortricidae) DANS LES GRANDES PLAINES NORDIQUES
- Charlet, L.D., Seiler, G.J., Miller, J.F., Hulke, B.S., Knodel, J.J.
- Helia 2014 v.32 no.51 pp. 1-10
- Cochylis hospes, Helianthus annuus, Tortricidae, breeding lines, crop losses, crossing, field experimentation, genotype, germplasm, hybrids, larvae, oilseeds, parasitoids, planting date, seeds, Great Plains region, North Dakota
- A five year field trial evaluated 71 oilseed sunflower, Helianthus annuus L., accessions, 32 breeding lines, and 25 interspecific crosses for resistance to infestation by naturally occurring populations of the banded sunflower moth, Cochylis hospes Walsingham (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), in North Dakota. Germplasm with resistance to attack by the banded sunflower moth and subsequent larval feeding damage in the seeds was identified. PI 251902 had less than 10% feeding damage per head in all five years of testing and less than 6% in three of the five years. PI 372259 and PI 170401 exhibited 12% or less seed damage in three years of evaluation and PI 253776 had only 3% damage in two of the three years and was the least damaged in 2004. Four other accessions (PI 170385, PI 291403, PI 494859, and PI 505651) revealed resistance in three of five years. A number of the interspecific crosses which were retested based on earlier results showed reduced seed damage in 2003, but subsequently exhibited much greater damage the following year due to higher populations of banded sunflower moth. Hybrid 894 was earlier used by others as a susceptible check; however, in the current investigation, this hybrid consistently had the lowest average seed damage from C. hospes feeding among the germplasm evaluated. Results from this investigation indicate that there is potential for developing resistant genotypes with reduced feeding injury that will help sunflower producers reduce yield loss due to the banded sunflower moth. In addition, plant resistance can effectively be combined with delayed planting to decrease densities of C. hospes, thus reducing crop losses without disrupting the control of the larvae by parasitoids.