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EVALUATION OF BROOMRAPE RESISTANCE IN SUNFLOWER HYBRIDS / EVALUACIÓN DE LA RESISTENCIA DEL JOPO EN HÍBRIDOS DE GIRASOL / EVALUATION DE LA RÉSISTANCE À l'Orobanche CHEZ LES HYBRIDES DE TOURNESOL
- Kaya, Y., Evci, G., Pekcan, V., Gucer, T., Yilmaz, M.I.
- Helia 2014 v.32 no.51 pp. 161-170
- Helianthus annuus, Orobanche cernua, growth chambers, hybrids, inbred lines, races, seeds, winter, Spain, Turkey (country)
- Broomrape (Orobanche cernua Loeffl.) is the most serious problem in sunflower production in Turkey, some East European countries and Spain. A research covering broomrape tests of sunflower hybrids in the trials based on National Sunflower Research Project was conducted in Trakya region, which holds 75% of the sunflower production in Turkey, in 2006, 2007 and 2008. Based on this project, in conditions of natural infestation, 306, 443 and 533 commercial and candidate hybrids, inbred lines, etc. were tested in 2006, 2007 and 2008, respectively. Of the tested materials, 12 in 2006, 56 in 2007 and 140 in 2008 were found to be resistant. During winter, broomrape tests continued in growth chambers and in pots, under conditions of artificial infestation. Broomrape seeds were collected from a naturally infested area in Trakya region and used to determine the reaction of developed hybrids and lines to the collected races. In this part of the study, 1752, 816 and 1389 genetic material were tested in 2006, 2007 and 2008, respectively. The tests showed that 332, 94, and 404 materials in 2006, 2007 and 2008, respectively, were resistant to the new races of broomrape used in the study.