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Phylogenetic and metabolic diversity of Tunisian forest wood-degrading fungi: a wealth of novelties and opportunities for biotechnology

Daâssi, Dalel, Zouari-Mechichi, Héla, Belbahri, Lassaad, Barriuso, Jorge, Martínez, María Jesús, Nasri, Moncef, Mechichi, Tahar
3 Biotech 2016 v.6 no.1 pp. 46
Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Zygomycota, biotechnology, carboxylic ester hydrolases, decay fungi, endo-1,4-beta-glucanase, forests, internal transcribed spacers, laccase, phylogeny, proteinases, ribosomal DNA, transcription (genetics), Tunisia
In this study, 51 fungal strains were isolated from decaying wood samples collected from forests located in the Northwest of Tunisia in the vicinity of Bousalem, Ain Draham and Kef. Phylogenetic analysis based on the sequences of the internal transcribed spacers of the ribosomal DNA showed a high diversity among the 51 fungal isolates collection. Representatives of 25 genera and 29 species were identified, most of which were members of one of the following phyla (Ascomycota, Basidiomycota and Zygomycota). In addition to the phylogenetic diversity, a high diversity of secreted enzyme profiles was also detected among the fungal isolates. All fungal strains produced at least one of the following enzymes: laccase, cellulase, protease and/or lipase.