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Involvement of histidines 11, 15 and 19 in the binding of zinc to the fusogenic H5WYG peptide
- Buré, Corinne, Pichon, Chantal, Midoux, Patrick
- Journal of mass spectrometry 2009 v.44 no.8 pp. 1163-1170
- alanine, histidine, membrane fusion, mutants, pH, tandem mass spectrometry, zinc
- The histidine-rich GLFHAIAHFIHGGWHGLIHGWYG peptide (H5WYG) coordinates a Zn²⁺ ion and forms a stable peptide-metal complex promoting membrane fusion at physiologic pH. In our previous article titled 'Histidine-rich peptide: evidence for a single zinc-binding site on H5WYG peptide that promotes membrane fusion at neutral pH' in Journal of Mass Spectrometry (2009, 44, 81-89), tandem mass spectrometry experiments have provided evidence for the binding of a single Zn²⁺ ion to H5WYG and suggested that this binding is shared between H¹¹, H¹⁹ and probably H¹⁵ residues. To clarify the involvement of these histidine residues in the binding to the Zn²⁺ ion and especially to remove the doubt about the implication of the H¹⁵ residue, here we have used three H5WYG mutants termed H5WYGH11A, H5WYGH15A and H5WYGH19A, whose H¹¹, H¹⁵ and H¹⁹ residues were replaced with an alanine residue. The novelty introduced by these new tandem mass spectrometry experiments performed with the mutants is the demonstration that H¹⁵ is involved in the binding of the single Zn²⁺ ion and that it may even favour the setting of another Zn²⁺ ion. Thus, the three histidines H¹¹, H¹⁵ and H¹⁹ could lead to a specific structuring of H5WYG that can promote membrane fusion upon the binding of zinc.