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Influence of stage of development in the efficiency of nitrogen fertilization on poplar

Lasa, Berta, Jauregui, Ivan, Aranjuelo, Iker, Sakalauskiene, Sandra, Aparicio-Tejo, Pedro M.
Journal of plant nutrition 2016 v.39 no.1 pp. 87-98
Populus, absorption, biomass, developmental stages, greenhouses, microirrigation, nitrates, nitrogen, nitrogen fertilizers, nutrient use efficiency, planting, regrowth, stable isotopes
Poplar cuttings (Populus x euroamericana) were planted in pots and grown in a greenhouse for four months with drip irrigation. Two nitrogen (N) doses of 60 and 120 kg nitrate (N-NO ₃⁻) ha ⁻¹ (labeling with ¹⁵N stable isotopes) were applied at one (time I), two (time II) and three months after of the plantation (time III). The aim of this study was to determine the N-fertilizer application method that resulted in optimal N-uptake by a short-rotation of poplar crop during first year of growth. Our data revealed that NUE (N use efficiency) was largest in the last part of the experiment. The larger development of those plants at this stage enabled the improved absorption and assimilation of N. Furthermore, ¹⁵N also revealed that supply of N at three months post-planting generated more biomass and increased the N reserves in the stem; a key factor for ensuring the optimum regrowth during the second year.