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The Geographical Distribution Of The Black Locust (Robinia Pseudoacacia L.) In Poland And Its Role On Non-Forest Land

Wojda, Tomasz, Klisz, Marcin, Jastrzębowski, Szymon, Mionskowski, Marcin, Szyp-Borowska, Iwona, Szczygieł, Krystyna
Papers on global change IGBP 2015 v.22 no.1 pp. 101-113
Robinia pseudoacacia, bioenergy, breeding, dominant species, geographical distribution, habitats, honey, indigenous species, national forests, nectar secretion, plus trees, seed orchards, state forests, wood, Poland
The black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) has been present in Poland for more than 200 years now, its range coming to encompass the entire country, albeit with a particular concentration of occurrence in the west. Overall, it is present in 3.4% of the stands making up Poland’s “State Forests National Forest Holding” (Państwowe Gospodarstwo Leśne Lasy Państwowe), and is the dominant species in 0.1% of stands. Thanks to its producing durable wood of favourable energetic properties, this species is used in medium-rotation (≤ 40-year) plantations as well as in biomass energy plantations (where there is a 5–7-year rotation). In terms of its nectar production, the black locust is second only to lime as the Polish tree best serving the production of honey. While the species shows marked expansiveness in Poland, it has not thus far been placed on the list of aliens capable of threatening native species or natural habitats. Breeding of the species has been engaged in – if to only a limited extent – in Poland for some 20 years now, and 2 selected seed stands have been registered, as well as 34 plus trees and 2 seed orchards.