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Genetic linkage map of the interspecific grape rootstock cross Ramsey (Vitis champinii) x Riparia Gloire (Vitis riparia)

Lowe, K.M., Walker, M.A.
Theoretical and applied genetics 2006 v.112 no.8 pp. 1582-1592
Vitis riparia, chromosome mapping, computer software, genome, grapes, linkage groups, microsatellite repeats, parents, progeny, rootstocks, salt tolerance, segregation distortion, vigor
The first genetic linkage map of grape derived from rootstock parents was constructed using 188 progeny from a cross of Ramsey (Vitis champinii) x Riparia Gloire (V. riparia). Of 354 simple sequence repeat markers tested, 205 were polymorphic for at least one parent, and 57.6% were fully informative. Maps of Ramsey, Riparia Gloire, and the F1 population were created using JoinMap software, following a pseudotestcross strategy. The set of 205 SSRs allowed for the identification of all 19 Vitis linkage groups (2n=38), with a total combined map length of 1,304.7 cM, averaging 6.8 cM between markers. The maternal map consists of 172 markers aligned into 19 linkage groups (1,244.9 cM) while 126 markers on the paternal map cover 18 linkage groups (1,095.5 cM). The expected genome coverage is over 92%. Segregation distortion occurred in the Ramsey, Riparia Gloire, and consensus maps for 10, 13, and 16% of the markers, respectively. These distorted markers clustered primarily on the linkage groups 3, 5, 14 and 17. No genome-wide difference in recombination rate was observed between Ramsey and Riparia Gloire based on 315 common marker intervals. Fifty-four new Vitis-EST-derived SSR markers were mapped, and were distributed evenly across the genome on 16 of the 19 linkage groups. These dense linkage maps of two phenotypically diverse North American Vitis species are valuable tools for studying the genetics of many rootstock traits including nematode resistance, lime and salt tolerance, and ability to induce vigor.