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Frequent Occurrence of Human-Associated Microsporidia in Fecal Droppings of Urban Pigeons in Amsterdam, The Netherlands
- Bart, Aldert, Wentink-Bonnema, Ellen M., Heddema, Edou R., Buijs, Jan, van Gool, Tom
- Applied and environmental microbiology 2008 v.74 no.22 pp. 7056-7058
- Encephalitozoon cuniculi, Encephalitozoon hellem, feces, pigeons, Netherlands
- Human-associated microsporidia were frequently observed in fecal samples of 331 feral pigeons in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, obtained during high- and low-breeding periods. Thirty-six of 331 samples (11%) contained the human pathogens Enterocytozoon bieneusi (n = 18), Encephalitozoon hellem (n = 11), Encephalitozoon cuniculi (n = 6), and Encephalitozoon intestinalis (n = 1); 5 samples contained other microsporidia. Pigeon feces can be an important source of human microsporidian infection.