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Inhibition of Digestive α-Amylases from Chilo Suppressalis Walker (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) by a Proteinaceous Extract of Citrullus Colocynthis L. (Cucurbitaceae)

Valizadeh, Bita, Zibaee, Arash, Sendi, Jalal Jalali
Journal of plant protection research 2013 v.53 no.3 pp. 195
Chilo suppressalis, Citrullus colocynthis, Oryza sativa, alpha-amylase, enzyme activity, enzyme kinetics, isozymes, larvae, pH, pests, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, rice, temperature, transgenic plants
The striped rice-stem borer, Chilo suppressalis (Walker) is one of the most important pest of rice worldwide. In this study, a proteinaceous extract from Citrullus colocynthis L. shows various degrees of inhibition to digestive α-amylases of C. suppressalis. Digestive α-amylases of larvae were inhibited by different concentrations (approximately 50%) of C. colocynthis amylase inhibitor (CCAI). One of the isozymes totally disappeared and the sharpness of another decreased on native-PAGE electrophoresis. The pH dependency of inhibition revealed that the enzyme was inhibited in a wide range of pH from 7-10, and the optimal pH of the enzyme occurred in lepidopteran larvae. The highest inhibition of α-amylase by CCAI was observed at 25°C; the temperature near the optimal temperature of amylolytic activity. A time-course experiment demonstrated that enzymatic activity was the highest, 30 min after the onset of the experiment, when the highest inhibition occurred. The enzyme kinetic studies using Lineweaver-Burk analysis, revealed a mixed inhibition of CCAI on α-amylase activity. The current study is the first basic one using α-amylase inhibitor against C. suppressalis. This study opens the way for transgenic rice varieties containing inhibitors