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Inhibition of Digestive α-Amylases from Chilo Suppressalis Walker (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) by a Proteinaceous Extract of Citrullus Colocynthis L. (Cucurbitaceae)

Author:
Valizadeh, Bita, Zibaee, Arash, Sendi, Jalal Jalali
Source:
Journal of plant protection research 2013 v.53 no.3 pp. 195
ISSN:
1899-007X
Subject:
Chilo suppressalis, Citrullus colocynthis, Oryza sativa, alpha-amylase, enzyme activity, enzyme kinetics, isozymes, larvae, pH, pests, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, rice, temperature, transgenic plants
Abstract:
The striped rice-stem borer, Chilo suppressalis (Walker) is one of the most important pest of rice worldwide. In this study, a proteinaceous extract from Citrullus colocynthis L. shows various degrees of inhibition to digestive α-amylases of C. suppressalis. Digestive α-amylases of larvae were inhibited by different concentrations (approximately 50%) of C. colocynthis amylase inhibitor (CCAI). One of the isozymes totally disappeared and the sharpness of another decreased on native-PAGE electrophoresis. The pH dependency of inhibition revealed that the enzyme was inhibited in a wide range of pH from 7-10, and the optimal pH of the enzyme occurred in lepidopteran larvae. The highest inhibition of α-amylase by CCAI was observed at 25°C; the temperature near the optimal temperature of amylolytic activity. A time-course experiment demonstrated that enzymatic activity was the highest, 30 min after the onset of the experiment, when the highest inhibition occurred. The enzyme kinetic studies using Lineweaver-Burk analysis, revealed a mixed inhibition of CCAI on α-amylase activity. The current study is the first basic one using α-amylase inhibitor against C. suppressalis. This study opens the way for transgenic rice varieties containing inhibitors
Agid:
4858931