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Variance and stability analyses of growth characters in half-sib Betula platyphylla families at three different sites in China
- Zhao, Xiyang, Xia, Hui, Wang, Xiuwei, Wang, Chao, Liang, Deyang, Li, Kailong, Liu, Guifeng
- Euphytica 2016 v.208 no.1 pp. 173-186
- Betula, environmental factors, genotype, genotype-environment interaction, habitats, heritability, models, plant breeding, planting, prediction, tree and stand measurements, trees, variance, China
- Growth characteristics have a complex inheritance pattern, and gene–environment interactions make predicting tree responses to environmental change difficult. In this study, we planted 44 Betula platyphylla families at three different sites (Mao er shan forestry center in Shangzhi, Jilin experiment forestry center in Jilin, Lang xiang forestry center in Langxiang) in northeastern China. Variation and stability of genotype–environment interactions of different families were analyzed using additive main effect and multiplicative interaction models. Variation analysis indicated significant differences between site × family interaction mean values for height, diameter at breast height, volume, and stem straight degree, suggesting that most genotypes responded differently according to location. The phenotypic coefficients of variation of different traits ranged from 12.84 % (stem straight degree in Langxiang) to 53.34 % (volume in Langxiang) and heritabilities of the different traits varied from 0.485 (diameter at breast height in Mao er shan) to 0.781 (height in Jilin). Correlation analysis showed a significantly positive association between tree height, diameter at breast height, and volume at the same and different sites, but stem straight degree showing a weaker correlation with other traits. Stability analysis indicated that some families had high tree heights but were sensitive to environmental conditions, whereas others had average tree heights but were resistant to environmental conditions. These results suggest that families should be bred in various habitats to assess growth under favorable and unfavorable environments. Under a selection ratio of 10 %, four families (family 1–7, 4–7, 3–12 and 4–13) were rated as superior families. The average height, diameter at breast height, volume, and stem straight degree of these four families were higher than average of all the families by 12.24, 16.82, 32.28 and 6.28 % in the four test sites, respectively.