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Topical anti-inflammatory plant species: Bioactivity of Bryonia dioica, Tamus communis and Lonicera periclymenum fruits
- Rafael, Marco, Barros, Lillian, Carvalho, Ana Maria, Ferreira, Isabel C.F.R.
- Industrial crops and products 2011 v.34 no.3 pp. 1447-1454
- Bryonia cretica, Lonicera periclymenum, Tamus communis, agroecosystems, antioxidant activity, ascorbic acid, flavonoids, fruits, juices, lycopene, pain, phytochemicals, surveys, tocopherols, traditional medicine
- The practice of rubbing different plant material juices or extracts into the skin to relieve pain and rheumatic symptoms is deeply rooted in folk medicine and has been used for a long time. Several common species, usually available in agroecosystems of the Iberian Peninsula, were/are used for topical medicinal preparations as reported in recent ethnobotanical surveys. Based on these studies, the fruits of three relevant species (Bryonia dioica or white-bryony, Lonicera periclymenum or common honeysuckle and Tamus communis or black-bryony) were gathered and different analyses and assays were performed in order to characterize their phytochemical composition and to find biologically active compounds for pharmaceutical application. Black-bryony ripened fruits revealed the highest antioxidant properties which are in agreement to its highest concentration in phenolics, flavonoids, ascorbic acid, tocopherols and lycopene. The studied fruits revealed interesting antioxidant properties and bioactive phytochemicals that could provide scientific evidence for their folk uses as anti-inflammatory species.