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Diversity and Distribution of Sediment NirS-Encoding Bacterial Assemblages in Response to Environmental Gradients in the Eutrophied Jiaozhou Bay, China

Dang, Hongyue, Wang, Chunyan, Li, Jing, Li, Tiegang, Tian, Fang, Jin, Wei, Ding, Yongsheng, Zhang, Zhinan
Microbial ecology 2009 v.58 no.1 pp. 161-169
bacterial communities, environmental factors, estuarine sediments, marine environment, multivariate analysis, Chesapeake Bay, China
A gene-clone-library-based molecular approach was used to study the nirS-encoding bacteria-environment relationship in the sediments of the eutrophic Jiaozhou Bay. Diverse nirS sequences were recovered and most of them were related to the marine cluster I group, ubiquitous in estuarine, coastal, and marine environments. Some NirS sequences were unique to the Jiaozhou Bay, such as the marine subcluster VIIg sequences. Most of the Jiaozhou Bay NirS sequences had their closest matches originally detected in estuarine and marine sediments, especially from the Chesapeake Bay, indicating similarity of the denitrifying bacterial communities in similar coastal environments in spite of geographical distance. Multivariate statistical analyses indicated that the spatial distribution of the nirS-encoding bacterial assemblages is highly correlated with environmental factors, such as sediment silt content, NH₄ ⁺ concentration, and OrgC/OrgN. The nirS-encoding bacterial assemblages in the most hypernutrified stations could be easily distinguished from that of the least eutrophic station. For the first time, the sedimentological condition was found to influence the structure and distribution of the sediment denitrifying bacterial community.