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Effect of cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) on metallothionein induction and trace element metabolism in rats fed different amounts of dietary zinc

Reeves, P.G., Saari, J.T.
Journal of nutritional biochemistry 1990 v.1 no.7 pp. 374
diet, zinc, platinum, copper, iron, metallothionein, superoxide dismutase, lipid peroxidation, rats
Recent studies have suggested that the induction of metallothionein synthesis in kidneys of mice by the acute administration of bismuth and other trace elements might protect against cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) nephrotoxicity. The present study was designed to determine the effects of dietary zinc and cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) on the induction of liver and kidney metallothionein and its subsequent effect on nephrotoxicity and trace element metabolism in rats. Male rats were fed diets containing 5, 20, 80, or 320 mg zinc/kg diet for 3 weeks. Each dietary group was subdivided into 3 groups. In one group, each rat received an i.p. injection of 7.5 mg cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II)/kg b.w. All other rats received saline. During the next three days a second group of rats was pair-fed to the cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) injected group. A third group received no treatment and was allowed to eat ad libitum. Results showed that when dietary zinc was increased from 5 mg/kg diet to higher amounts, kidney metallothionein concentration increased twofold. cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) treatment increased kidney metallothionein even further, but elevated metallothionein gave no protection from the toxic effects of the drug. Serum copper concentration and ceruloplasmin activity were significantly lower with higher concentrations of dietary zinc, which indicated that these rats were mildly copper-deficient. There was a small but significant depression of superoxide dismutase activity and a highly significant increase in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances in kidneys of rats treated with cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) compared to either pair-fed or ad libitum controls. This supports the hypothesis that part of the mechanism for cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II)-induced toxicity might be caused by free-radical generation. However, the data do not support the hypothesis that metallothionein induction protects the kidney from cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) toxicity.