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Shape ontogeny and variation in the sharpsnout seabream, Diplodus puntazzo (Cetti 1777)
- Kouttouki, Savoula, Georgakopoulou, Eustathia, Kaspiris, Panagiotis, Divanach, Pascal, Koumoundouros, Georgios
- Aquaculture research 2006 v.37 no.7 pp. 655-663
- Diplodus, fins, larvae, metamorphosis, ontogeny, peduncle, wild fish
- Shape ontogeny of Diplodus puntazzo was studied during the larval and metamorphosis phase (2.6-33.0 mm total length (TL)) by means of geometric morphometrics. Additionally, shape comparison was performed between newly settled wild individuals of D. puntazzo (11.0-18.0 mm TL) and reared of the same TL range. Results clearly demonstrated that shape ontogeny of D. puntazzo is not continuous during the studied period, but it is characterized by the presence of two inflection points (at 6.2 and 11.4 mm TL), which define three phases of significantly different rates of shape development (P<0.05). Spline diagrams demonstrated that shape ontogeny mainly correlated with the development of fins, caudal peduncle, snoot and the ventral abdominal profile. Concerning the comparison of reared fish with wild fish, morphometric analysis revealed a significant effect of fish origin on the shape of D. puntazzo (Wilks' [lambda]=0.147, P<0.001). Shape differences between the two populations were mainly demonstrated at the caudal peduncle and at the ventral profile of the abdominal area. Combined with the results of shape ontogeny, spline diagrams showed that shape differences between the two populations were related to the comparatively more advanced ontogenetic state of reared fish, at the studied size range.