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Genetic variability of genomic RNA 2 of four tobacco rattle tobravirus isolates from potato fields in the Northwestern United States

Crosslin, J.M., Thomas, P.E., Hammond, R.W.
Virus research 2003 v.96 no.1-2 pp. 99
Nicotiana tabacum, genetic variation, Tobacco rattle virus, plant viruses, Solanum tuberosum, sequence analysis, sequence homology, molecular systematics, phylogeny, agricultural soils, Northwestern United States, Oregon, Washington, Colorado
Sequence analysis of RNA 2 of four Tobacco rattle virus (TRV) isolates collected from potato fields in Oregon (OR2, Umt1), Washington (BM), and Colorado (Cot2) revealed significant homologies to the ORY isolate from North America. Phylogenetic analysis based on a comparison of nucleotide (nt) and amino acid (aa) sequences with other members of the genus Tobravirus indicates that the North American isolates cluster as a distinct group. All of the RNAs are predicted to contain open reading frames (ORFs) potentially encoding the coat protein (CP, ORF 2a) and 37.6 kDa (ORF 2b) ORFs. In addition, they all contain a region of similarity to the 3′ terminus of RNA 1 of ORY, including a truncated portion of the 16 kDa cistron from the 3′ end of RNA 1. Three of the isolates, which are nematode transmissible, OR2, BM, and Cot2, also contain a third putative ORF (ORF 2c) which encodes a protein of 33.6 kDa. The fourth isolate, Umt1, which is not nematode transmissible, is the most divergent of the isolates as it encodes a truncated version of ORF 2c. The ORF 2c deletion in Umt1 may contribute to its inability to be transmitted by the vector. The results reported in this article indicate again that the TRV genome is flexible. Interestingly, although both isolates Umt1 and Cot2 were mechanically transmitted to tobacco from potato, only Umt1 exhibits the deletion in RNA 2. TRV Isolate Umt1, therefore, appears to be another example of rapid adaptation of the TRV genome to non-field conditions.