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Ectopic over-expression of two apple Flowering Locus T homologues, MdFT1 and MdFT2, reduces juvenile phase in Arabidopsis
- Li, W. M., Tao, Y., Yao, Y. X., Hao, Y. J., You, C. X.
- Biologia plantarum 2010 v.54 no.4 pp. 639-646
- Arabidopsis, Malus domestica, amino acid sequences, amino acids, apples, complementary DNA, flowering, gene overexpression, genes, leaves, loci, open reading frames, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction
- To get insight into mechanism by which apple tree (Malus domestica Borkh.) regulates flowering, two apple flowering locus T (FT) homologues, MdFT1 and MdFT2, were isolated from the leaf cDNAs of cultivar Gala. The open reading frames (ORFs) of two MdFTs encoded 174 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence of MdFT1 and MdFT2 showed 94.3 % similarity to each other, while 72.6 and 76.0 % to AtFT protein, respectively. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR indicated their specific expression in leaves. Visualization of MdFT2-GFP fusion protein demonstrated its localization on membrane. Ectopic overexpression of either MdFT1 or MdFT2 in Arabidopsis significantly induced early flowering by activating the downstream flowering-related genes.