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Herbaspirillum seropedicae rfbB and rfbC genes are required for maize colonization
- Balsanelli, Eduardo, Serrato, Rodrigo V., de Baura, Valter A., Sassaki, Guilherme, Yates, Marshall G., Rigo, Liu Un, Pedrosa, Fábio O., de Souza, Emanuel M., Monteiro, Rose A.
- Environmental microbiology 2010 v.12 no.8 pp. 2233-2244
- Herbaspirillum seropedicae, apigenin, biosynthesis, corn, genes, glucosamine, glucose, mutants, naringenin, plant tissues, plantlets, polymyxin B, rhamnose, roots, salicylic acid
- In this study we disrupted two Herbaspirillum seropedicae genes, rfbB and rfbC, responsible for rhamnose biosynthesis and its incoporation into LPS. GC-MS analysis of the H. seropedicae wild-type strain LPS oligosaccharide chain showed that rhamnose, glucose and N-acetyl glucosamine are the predominant monosaccharides, whereas rhamnose and N-acetyl glucosamine were not found in the rfbB and rfbC strains. The electrophoretic pattern of the mutants LPS was drastically altered when compared with the wild type. Knockout of rfbB or rfbC increased the sensitivity towards SDS, polymyxin B sulfate and salicylic acid. The mutants attachment capacity to maize root surface plantlets was 100-fold lower than the wild type. Interestingly, the wild-type capacity to attach to maize roots was reduced to a level similar to that of the mutants when the assay was performed in the presence of isolated wild-type LPS, glucosamine or N-acetyl glucosamine. The mutant strains were also significantly less efficient in endophytic colonization of maize. Expression analysis indicated that the rfbB gene is upregulated by naringenin, apigenin and CaCl₂. Together, the results suggest that intact LPS is required for H. seropedicae attachment to maize root and internal colonization of plant tissues.