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Colonization of the canine skin with bacteria
- SAIJONMAA‐KOULUMIES, LEENA E., LLOYD, DAVID H.
- Veterinary dermatology 1996 v.7 no.3 pp. 153-162
- Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus intermedius, ambient temperature, bacteria, dogs, flora, humidity, nutrient availability, pathogens, skin folds, sons, veterinary medicine
- Abstract Aspects of colonization of the canine skin with bacteria are reviewed. Owing to variability in sampling techniques, anatomical sites involved and lack of temporal studies, there is still controversy as to which bacteria are residents or transients on the canine skin. The establishment of the cutaneous flora is determined by the ability of bacteria to adhere to canine corneocytes, to use available nutrients from skin secretions and to resist challenge from competing bacteria. Variations in humidity and temperature due to environment, skin folds or differences in the haircoat are also likely to have an effect. Much research has focused around Staphylococcus intermedius, the main pathogen of the canine skin but its cutaneous residency status remains questionable. Pathological conditions such as atopy and seborrhoea favour the colonization of S. intermedius and predispose to infection. Recent studies indicate that bacterial interference as a method of preventing colonization of pathogenic staphylococci may be feasible.