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Effects of intraperitoneal and intracerebroventricular injection of crocin on acute corneal pain in rats

Tamaddonfard, Esmaeal, Hamzeh-Gooshchi, Nasrin
Phytotherapy research 2010 v.24 no.10 pp. 1463-1467
agonists, analgesic effect, eyes, intraperitoneal injection, morphine, naloxone, narcotic antagonists, pain, rats, receptors, sodium chloride
In this study, the effects of intraperitoneal (i.p.) and intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of crocin in separate and combined treatments with i.p. injections of morphine (an opioid receptor agonist) and naloxone (an opioid receptor antagonist) were investigated on acute corneal pain in rats. Acute corneal pain was induced by local application of a drop of 5 M NaCl solution on the corneal surface. The number of eye wipes was taken as a pain response, and counted during the first 30 s. Crocin injected i.p. and i.c.v. and morphine injected i.p. significantly (p < 0.05) decreased the number of eye wipes. Morphine (i.p.)-induced antinociception was significantly (p < 0.05) increased by the systemically and centrally injected crocin. The antinociceptive effects induced by i.p. and i.c.v. injections of crocin were not reversed by i.p. injection of naloxone. These findings indicated that both crocin and morphine attenuated hypertonic saline-induced corneal pain. The opioid receptors may not be involved in the analgesic mechanism of crocin.