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The use of a CYP51C gene based PCR-RFLP assay for simultaneous detection and identification of Fusarium avenaceum and F. tricinctum in wheat

Fernández-Ortuño, Dolores, Atkins, Sarah L., Fraaije, Bart A.
International journal of food microbiology 2011 v.145 no.1 pp. 370-374
restriction fragment length polymorphism, diagnostic techniques, enzymes, DNA primers, DNA, polymerase chain reaction, wheat, Fusarium avenaceum, genes, Fusarium head blight
Contamination of cereals with mycotoxins such as beauvericin (BEA), enniatins (Ens) and moniliformin (MON) is mainly caused by Fusarium avenaceum and F. tricinctum. This is a world-wide problem which requires rapid and sensitive detection methods. To allow for high throughput screening of large numbers of samples, a diagnostic PCR method was developed for the simultaneous detection of F. avenaceum and F. tricinctum. The interspecific divergence found in the Fusarium-specific CYP51C gene was used to design species-specific PCR primers. The specificity of the assay was demonstrated for DNA samples extracted from a wide range of Fusarium species belonging to the Fusarium head blight (FHB) complex, as well as for naturally-infected grain samples. The PCR-amplified products were digested with the restriction enzyme XbaI to enable differentiation between F. avenaceum and F. tricinctum. This PCR- restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) assay proved to be a simple and relatively inexpensive method highly suited for routine detection and identification of F. avenaceum and F. tricinctum in wheat samples.