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Host Foraging Behavior of Dastarcus helophoroides (Coleoptera: Bothrideridae) Adults, a Coleopteran Parasitoid of Monochamus alternatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)

Li, Xiaojuan, Dong, Guangping, Fang, Jianmin, Liu, Hongjian, Yang, Li, Guo, Wanlin
Journal of insect behavior 2016 v.29 no.1 pp. 108-116
Monochamus alternatus, Pinus massoniana, adults, foraging, insect behavior, larvae, learning, parasitoids, rearing, volatile compounds
Dastarcus helophoroides adults, a coleopteran parasitoid of Monochamus alternatus, were reared in the laboratory. The objectives of this paper are to investigate the host foraging behavior of D. helophoroides, and the evidence for learning in such behaviors. Choice and no-choice experiments were carried out. The choice experiments show that the number of D. helophoroides adults choosing the Pinus massoniana log infested with M. alternatus larvae was significantly higher than that choosing the blank (a flavorless simulative log made of brown kraftpaper), and the number of D. helophoroides adults choosing the uninfested P. massoniana log was also significantly higher than that choosing the blank. The no-choice experiment shows no significant difference between the number of D. helophoroides adults that chose the infested log and that chose the uninfested log, despite previous experience with uninfested log, infested log, or neither of them. No evidence of learning in host foraging behavior in D. helophoroides adults was found. The results indicate that the volatile chemicals emitted by uninfested P. massoniana logs and infested logs with M. alternatus larvae are equally attractive to D. helophoroides.