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Genetic relationship between broodstocks of olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus (Temminck and Schlegel) using microsatellite markers

Kang, Jung-Ha, Noh, Jae-Koo, Kim, Jong-Hyun, Lee, Jeong-Ho, Kim, Hyun-Chul, Kim, Kyung-Kil, Kim, Bong-Seok, Lee, Woo-Jai
Aquaculture research 2006 v.37 no.7 pp. 701-707
Paralichthys olivaceus, alleles, gene frequency, genetic distance, genetic markers, genetic variation, hatcheries, hatching, heterozygosity, inbreeding, inbreeding coefficient, microsatellite repeats, parentage, parents, progeny, wild fish
For the first generation of a selective breeding programme, it is important to minimize the possibility of inbreeding. This mostly occurs by mating between closely related individuals, while proper mating can provide an opportunity to establish the base families with wide genetic variation from which selection for subsequent generations can be more effective. Genotyping with microsatellite-based DNA markers can help us determine the genetic distances between the base populations. The genetic markers further facilitate the identification of the correct parents of the offspring (parentage assignments) reared together with many other families after hatching. We established a genetic analysis system with microsatellite DNA markers and analysed the genetic distances of three farmed stocks and a group of fish collected from wild populations using eight microsatellite markers. The averaged heterozygosity of the farming stocks was 0.826 and that of the wild population was 0.868. The hatchery strains had an average of 8.6 alleles per marker, which was less than a wild population that carried an average of 14.3 alleles per marker. Significant Hardy-Weinberg disequilibrium (HWDE) was observed in two farming stocks (P<0.05). Despite relatively low inbreeding coefficiency of the hatchery populations, the frequency of a few alleles was highly represented over others. It suggests that the hatchery stocks to some extent have experienced inbreeding or they originated from closely related individuals. We will develop a selective program using the DNA markers and will widen the usage of the DNA-based genetic analysis system to other fish species.