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Molecular cloning, phylogenetic analysis, and expression profiling of a grape CMP-sialic acid transporter-like gene induced by phytohormone and abiotic stress

Çakır, Birsen, Olcay, Ahmet Can
Genes & genomics 2013 v.35 no.2 pp. 225-238
Golgi apparatus, Vitis vinifera, amino acid sequences, amino acids, boric acid, cell wall components, complementary DNA, databases, endoplasmic reticulum, exons, fruiting, gene expression, gene expression regulation, genes, grapes, introns, leaves, molecular cloning, molecular weight, naphthaleneacetic acid, open reading frames, phylogeny, pollen, promoter regions, ripening, roots, salicylic acid, screening, sugars, transporters, water stress
Nucleotide sugars are synthesized in the cytosol and nucleus and transported into the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi apparatus via nucleotide sugar transporters (NSTs). Because NSTs exhibit high similarities with triose phosphate translocators (TPTs), they are classified into the NST/TPT superfamily. Here, we identified 38 members of the NST/TPT family by screening the grapevine genome and proteome 12× database. Vitis vinifera NST/TPT proteins can be classified into two groups on the basis of their phylogenetic relationships. From these, we isolated a full-length cDNA encoding a putative NST and named it VvCSTLP1. VvCSTLP1 comprises 15 exons and 14 introns and exhibits high similarities with OsCSTLP2. A search for cis-regulatory elements in the promoter region of VvCSTLP1 revealed that this protein is probably regulated by phytohormones and abiotic stresses. The VvCSTLP1 cDNA encodes an open reading frame of 1065 bp, and the predicted polypeptide is 354 amino acids long with a molecular mass of 39.11 kDa. Expression of VvCSTLP1 was elevated during early berry development, and dramatically decreased after the initiation of ripening. VvCSTLP1 was highly expressed in old leaves and mature leaves, and at low levels in young leaves, pollen, roots, and tendrils. Finally, VvCSTLP1 expression was induced in response to 1-naphthaleneacetic acid, salicylic acid (SA), and boric acid treatments, but was decreased by drought stress. The regulation of VvCSTLP1 expression led us to conclude that it may play a role in cell wall composition and structure and in the cross-talk between the auxin, SA, and abiotic stress signaling pathways.