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Evaluation of cytokines as adjuvants of infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis vaccines

di Girolamo, Fabio A., Sabatini, Diego Jorge, Fasan, Raúl A., Echegoyen, Maia, Vela, Mauro, Pereira, Claudio A., Maure, Pablo
Veterinary immunology and immunopathology 2012 v.145 no.1-2 pp. 563-566
Moraxella bovis, adjuvants, cattle, cytokines, eyes, immune response, interleukin-2, keratoconjunctivitis, pathogens, vaccines
In this work two cytokines were used in combination with inactivated bacteria (bacterin) to test the bovine conjuctival immune response to the pathogen Moraxella bovis, the causative agent of Infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis (IBK). Treatments using the bacterin vaccine combined with interleukin-2 and interferon-α as adjuvants (Group A), the bacterin vaccine only (Group B), and controls without treatment (Group C), were applied by ocular spraying to evaluate the local immune response in the corneal structure of cattle experimentally infected with M. bovis. Six weeks after infection, 14 out of a total of 34 animals presented different corneal lesions; 9 corresponding to the control group C, 4 to the group B and only one to the group A. According to the clinical manifestations, a numeric score was calculated. Control animals presented the highest score value (12 points), followed by group B (7.5 points) and group A (1 point). These results suggest that the addition of cytokines to M. bovis treatments can reduce not only eye injuries caused by IBK but also the number of diseased animals.