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Aluminum inhibits phosphatidic acid formation by blocking the phospholipase C pathway

Author:
Ramos-Díaz, Ana, Brito-Argáez, Ligia, Munnik, Teun, Hernández-Sotomayor, S. M. Teresa
Source:
Planta 2007 v.225 no.2 pp. 393-401
ISSN:
0032-0935
Subject:
Coffea arabica, acids, aluminum, cell suspension culture, diacylglycerol kinase, orthophosphates, phospholipase C, phospholipase D, phospholipids, production economics, toxicity
Abstract:
Aluminum (Al³⁺) has been recognized as a main toxic factor in crop production in acid lands. Phosphatidic acid (PA) is emerging as an important lipid signaling molecule and has been implicated in various stress-signaling pathways in plants. In this paper, we focus on how PA generation is affected by Al³⁺ using Coffea arabica suspension cells. We pre-labeled cells with [³²P]orthophosphate (³²Pi) and assayed for ³²P-PA formation in response to Al³⁺. Treating cells for 15 min with either AlCl₃ or Al(NO₃)₃ inhibited the formation of PA. In order to test how Al³⁺ affected PA signaling, we used the peptide mastoparan-7 (mas-7), which is known as a very potent stimulator of PA formation. The Al³⁺ inhibited mas-7 induction of PA response, both before and after Al³⁺ incubation. The PA involved in signaling is generated by two distinct phospholipid signaling pathways, via phospholipase D (PLD; EC: 3.1.4.4) or via Phospholipase C (PLC; EC: 3.1.4.3), and diacylglycerol kinase (DGK; EC 2.7.1.107). By labeling with ³²Pi for short periods of time, we found that PA formation was inhibited almost 30% when the cells were incubated with AlCl₃ suggesting the involvement of the PLC/DGK pathway. Incubation of cells with PLC inhibitor, U73122, affected PA formation, like AlCl₃ did. PLD in vivo activation by mas-7 was reduced by Al³⁺. These results suggest that PA formation was prevented through the inhibition of the PLC activity, and it provides the first evidence for the role of Al toxicity on PA production.
Agid:
500129