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Emulsifying properties of sweet potato protein: Effect of protein concentration and oil volume fraction

Guo, Q., Mu, T.H.
Food hydrocolloids 2011 v.25 no.1 pp. 98-106
droplet size, droplets, emulsifying properties, emulsions, microscopy, oil-water interface, oils, optical properties, pH, sporamin, viscosity
The effect of protein concentrations (0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0% w/v) and oil volume fractions (5, 15, 25, 35 and 45% v/v) on properties of stabilized emulsions of sweet potato proteins (SPPs) were investigated by use of the emulsifying activity index (EAI), emulsifying stability index (ESI), droplet size, rheological properties, interfacial properties and optical microscopy measurements at neutral pH. The protein concentration or oil volume fraction significantly affected droplet size, interfacial protein concentration, emulsion apparent viscosity, EAI and ESI. Increasing of protein concentration greatly decreased droplet size, EAI and apparent viscosity of SPP emulsions; however, there was a pronounced increase in ESI and interfacial protein concentration (P<0.05). In contrast, increasing of oil volume fraction greatly increased droplet size, EAI and emulsion apparent viscosity of SPP emulsions, but decreased ESI and interfacial protein concentration significantly (P<0.05). The rheological curve suggested that SPP emulsions were shear-thinning non-Newtonian fluids. Optical microscopy clearly demonstrated that droplet aggregates were formed at a lower protein concentration of <0.5% (w/v) due to low interfacial protein concentration, while at higher oil volume fractions of >25% (v/v) there was obvious coalescence. In addition, the main components of adsorbed SPP at the oil–water interface were Sporamin A, Sporamin B and some high-molecular-weight aggregates formed by disulfide linkage.