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Glass-transition behaviour of plasticized starch biopolymer system – A modified Gordon–Taylor approach

Chaudhary, Deeptangshu S., Adhikari, Benu P., Kasapis, Stefan
Food hydrocolloids 2011 v.25 no.1 pp. 114-121
glass transition, glass transition temperature, glycerol, molecular weight, plasticizers, rubber, starch, water activity, water content, xylitol
Two plasticizers namely, glycerol and xylitol, based on their similar molecular size (˜6.3 Å) but different molecular weights (Glycerol-92; Xylitol-152) were selected for studying the glass-transition behaviour (rubber like behaviour) in multi-plasticized starch biopolymer with about 70% amylopectin structure. In the calorimetry measurements, glass-transition temperatures (onset temperature for bulk viscous flow) of plasticized samples were higher than non-plasticized samples at low water activities, thus showing typical antiplasticization behaviour. However, when plasticizer concentration was increased up to 15% and 20% wt, all plasticized samples showed significant reduction in glass-transition temperature. We used a modified Gordon–Taylor model to understand the competitive plasticization of glycerol and xylitol in presence of water, and suggest that competitive plasticization exists and occurs at a threshold amount of matrix free water content, due to strong three-way interactions: starch–plasticizer, plasticizer–plasticizer/water and starch–water. This competitive interaction is significant in determining the onset temperature for viscous flow behaviour; at higher matrix water content, the Gordon–Taylor constant was relatively unaffected by the plasticizer amount, and water was the dominant plasticizer. A new interaction parameter that separates the starch–plasticizer interaction in a starch–plasticizer–water system is also discussed.