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Development of recombinant Klebsiella pneumoniae ∆dhaT strain for the co-production of 3-hydroxypropionic acid and 1,3-propanediol from glycerol

Ashok, Somasundar, Raj, Subramanian Mohan, Rathnasingh, Chelladurai, Park, Sunghoon
Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2011 v.90 no.4 pp. 1253-1265
Klebsiella pneumoniae, NAD (coenzyme), acids, bioreactors, carbon, chromosomes, genes, glycerol, mutants, pH
Klebsiella pneumoniae converts glycerol to the specialty chemical 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PDO), which is used for the production of polytrimethylene terepthalate (PTT). In this study, an NAD+-dependent gamma-glutamyl-gamma-aminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase (PuuC) of K. pneumoniae DSM 2026, which oxidizes 3-hydroxypropionaldehyde to a platform chemical 3-hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP), was cloned and overexpressed in K. pneumoniae DSM 2026 for the co-production of 3-HP and 1,3-PDO from glycerol. In addition, the gene dhaT, encoding NADH-dependent 1,3-propanediol oxidoreductase (1,3-PDOR), was deleted from the chromosome for the balanced production of 3-HP and 1,3-PDO. The recombinant K. pneumoniae ∆dhaT, expressing puuC, produced 3.6 g 3-HP and 3.0 g 1,3-PDO per liter with an average yield of 81% on glycerol carbon in shake flask culture under microaerobic conditions. When a fed-batch culture was carried out under microaerobic conditions at pH 7.0 in a 5-l bioreactor, the recombinant K. pneumoniae ∆dhaT (puuC) strain produced 16.0 g 3-HP and 16.8 g 1,3-PDO per liter with a cumulative yield of 51% on glycerol carbon in 24 h. The production of 1,3-PDO in the dhaT-deletion mutant was attributed to the expression of NAD(P)H-dependent hypothetical oxidoreductase. This study demonstrates the feasibility of obtaining two commercially valuable chemicals, 3-HP and 1,3-PDO, at a significant scale.